Prophet Musa (AS) is the most frequently mentioned in the Holy Quran. His name is mentioned more than 100 times in the holy Qur’an. Hundreds of verses across different chapters of the Holy Quran discuss the story of Musa (AS). As Muslims, we believe in all messengers of Allah Almighty and the holy books revealed on them.

The messengers are sent by Allah to convey Allah’s message to humanity in this whole world. The prophet Musa (A.S) was sent to the people of Israel to worship Allah Almighty. The holy book that was revealed to him was Torah.

Indeed, We revealed the Torah, containing guidance and light, by which the prophets, who submitted themselves to Allah, made judgments for Jews. So too did the rabbis and scholars judge according to Allah’s Book, with which they were entrusted and of which they were made keepers. So do not fear the people; fear Me! Nor trade my revelations for a fleeting gain. And those who do not judge by what Allah has revealed are ˹truly˺ the disbelievers.

Surah Al Ma’idah: 44

The prophet Musa (A.S)’s life was full of tests and miracles since he was a child. Below, we will describe the story of the prophet Musa (A.S).

The birth of Moses and his moving to Pharaoh’s palace

Moses – (A.S) was born in a year in which the males of the Children of Israel were killed by the order of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, The Pharaoh or Fir’aun of Egypt was the dominant power in the land. As he used to kill male newborns in one year and leave them alive in another year, and Moses was born and no one knew of his birth, so his mother was so afraid that they might kill him.

So she was guided by Allah to throw her infant into the sea; according to the interpretation of all the Islamic scholars, it is the Nile River, and that is after putting it in a coffin, by order of Allah, with his reassurance to her that he will return it to her safe and sound.

Asiya bint Muzahim, who asked her husband, Pharaoh, to keep him with her; to take him as their son, so he would help them when they old, and his mother had sent his sister; To follow and watch him, and he had refused all breastfeeding women, so his sister guided them to his mother; To breastfeed him, thus fulfilling Allah’s promise the prophet Musa’s mother and return her son to her.

In Holy Quran it is mentioned in these words:

We inspired the mother of Moses: “Nurse him, but when you fear for him, put him then into the river, and do not fear or grieve. We will certainly return him to you, and make him one of the messengers.”

Al-Qasas: 7

Coptic murder incident

One day, Musa (A.S) entered the city at a time when there were no people in the streets, and he came across two men fighting. One of them is from the Copts, and the other is from Israel, so the one from  Israel asked him for help, and Moses answered him, so the Copt was hit, and although Moses (A.S) – did not intend to kill him, the hit coincided with the end of his life, so he died, and the murder happened by mistake, so Musa asked for forgiveness from Allah by repentance, confessing guilt, and asking forgiveness from Him; he did wrong to himself by doing that; As the killing was due to the intensity of his anger, and he could have controlled himself when he was angry, and he was asking really truly for forgiveness and felt guilty so Allah forgave him, then Musa (A.S) became a supporter of the truth, except that the news of the killing of the Copt at the hands of Musa (A.S) did not get out in the city; Because the killing took place at the time of rest where there was no one in the city.

Musa (A.S) was waiting for what would happen to him, then he found the man who had sought his assistance the previous day fighting with another Copt, so he asked Musa (A.S) to help him out, so the Copt stopped his tyranny and corruption, and he urged him to strive to achieve mutual consent between the two parties, so Musa refused to kill the Copt, then a man told him to get out of the city, Fearing that he would take revenge for the Copt who had killed him previously, Musa went out on his way to Midyan.

Allah Almighty said in the Holy Qur’an:

˹One day˺ he entered the city unnoticed by its people.1 There he found two men fighting: one of his own people, and the other of his enemies. The man from his people called to him for help against his foe. So Moses punched him, causing his death. Moses cried, “This is from Satan’s handiwork. He is certainly a sworn, misleading enemy.”

He pleaded, “My Lord! I have definitely wronged my soul, so forgive me.” So He forgave him, ˹for˺ He is indeed the All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Moses pledged, “My Lord! For all Your favours upon me, I will never side with the wicked.”

And so Moses became fearful, watching out in the city, when suddenly the one who sought his help the day before cried out to him again for help. Moses rebuked him, “Indeed, you are clearly a trouble-maker.”

Then when Moses was about to lay his hands on their foe,1 the enemy said, “O Moses! Do you intend to kill me as you killed a man yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land. You do not intend to make peace!”

And there came a man, rushing from the farthest end of the city. He said, “O Moses! The chiefs are actually conspiring against you to put you to death, so leave ˹the city˺. I really advise you ˹to do so˺.”

So Moses left the city in a state of fear and caution, praying, “My Lord! Deliver me from the wrongdoing people.”

And as he made his way towards Midian, he said, “I trust my Lord will guide me to the right way.”

Al Qasas: 1522

Musa in Midian

Musa (A.S) set off from Egypt, heading for Madian, and he stopped at a place where people gathered to get water, and he saw two girls standing waiting for their sheep to drink water, so Musa (A.S) approached them, and asked about the reason for their standing, and they answered him that they were waiting for water; As their father is an old man who is not strong enough to do so.

So Musa helped them, fulfilled their needs, then turned to Allah Almighty with supplication and request, while the two girls told their parents what happened to them, and he asked one of them to bring Musa; To thank him for his deed, she asked him to go with her, and she was very shy, then the man thanked him for his deed with his two daughters, and one of them had suggested hiring Musa (A.S).

The man offered Musa to marry one of his two daughters for work for him for a period of eight years, and if he wanted to increase two, it was upon him, then Musa did, and he spent that entire period, then went back to Egypt.

Allah says in the holy Qur’an: 

Then one of the two women came to him, walking bashfully. She said, “My father is inviting you so he may reward you for watering ˹our animals˺ for us.” When Moses came to him and told him his whole story, the old man said, “Have no fear! You are ˹now˺ safe from the wrongdoing people.”

Al Qasas: 25

The story of Musa shows us the importance of always relying on Allah in our life. He is the best planner. Allah’s plan is always better than ours. It also teaches us that Allah is al-Razzaq, Without Him, we would never be able to do anything.

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