Introduction

Not all times of the day, week, or months are the same with Allah Almighty – He prefers some over others. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him urged us to take advantage of these blessed days where Allah Almighty casts His winds of mercy into his worshipers.

 Friday is known in Arabic as Yawm al-Jumu‘ah, which translates to “day of Muslims gathering.” Friday is one of the most important and beloved days for Muslims. Where Muslims gather in the mosque to perform the Friday prayer, so Friday is considered a feast day for Muslims; It is a day designated for Muslims to discuss their religion and worldly matters through the weekly Friday sermon, and after performing the prayer, Muslims meet for love and mercy.

Friday is a blessed day, Muslims increase in supplication on Friday between the afternoon prayer and the Maghrib prayer, and that is because it is reported that it is Response hour, the hour in which Allah Almighty answers all the prayers.

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah and Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with them) said:

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Allah led those who came before us away from Friday. The Jews had Saturday, and the Christians had Sunday. Then Allah brought us and Allah guided us to Friday. So, there is Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, and thus they will follow us on the Day of Resurrection. We are the last of the people of this world but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection, and we will be dealt with before all others.”

Some Muslim majority countries, such as Egypt, Iran, and Pakistan, include Friday as part of the weekend, with Saturday sometimes being a holiday, and Sunday being a regular workday. On this day, many Muslims spend the day with their families, attend prayer and also relax. Commercial activities always continue after Friday prayers, but in Muslim-majority countries, most people get the day off. In countries where the call to prayer is projected from loudspeakers, entire cities will be saturated with their sounds. Sermons too are often publicly broadcast.

Allah Almighty said in the Holy Qur’an:

O believers! When the call to prayer is made on Friday, then proceed ˹diligently˺ to the remembrance of Allah and leave off ˹your˺ business. That is best for you, if only you knew.

Surah Al jumu’ah: 9

The history of the name of Yawm al-Jumu‘ah

the Arabs referred to this day as ‘al-‘Arubah,’ which means a pleasant day.’ Before the arrival of Islam. Ka‘b ibn Lu’ayy, the Prophet’s seventh grandfather, changed the name to al-Jumu‘ah because he used to gather the Quraish, the Prophet’s tribe, on Fridays after the sun had reached its zenith. Ka’b ibn Lu’ayy was a firm believer in the Prophet Ibrahim before the prophet Muhammad.

Later, the Quraish would gather in Dar an-Nadwah, which he built opposite the Noble Kaaba, to listen to Qusayy ibn Kilab, known as ‘al-Mujammi.

The ruling of Friday or al-Jumu ‘ah prayer

Some Islamic scholars have stipulated several virtues and special rulings on Friday, such as the virtue and ruling of prayer, the ruling on buying, selling, and trading on Friday during and before and after the prayer, the ruling on missing the Friday prayer, the ruling on Friday prayer for the traveler, and other jurisprudential rulings and practical issues that must be taken into consideration. It is for those who perform Friday in the congregation of Muslims, and the following is an explanation of some of the rulings and virtues of Friday and its etiquette.

Friday prayer is obligatory for every male, adult, and Muslim who witnessed and attended Friday. Its obligation has been proven by the Holy Quran, Sunnah, and the consensus of jurists. The prophet and his companions kept on performing the Friday prayer.

Evidence of its obligation from the Holy Qur’an

   1- Allah Almighty said in the Holy Qur’an:

O believers! When the call to prayer is made on Friday, then proceed ˹diligently˺ to the remembrance of Allah and leave off ˹your˺ business. That is best for you, if only you knew.

 2-Evidence of its obligation from Sunnah:

 Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, I sometimes thought of giving orders for firewood to be collected, then for proclaiming the Adhan for Salat. Then I would appoint an Imam to lead Salat, and then go to the houses of those who do not come to perform Salat in the congregation, and set fire to their houses on them.”

3-Evidence of its obligation from the consensus of companions and jurists:

the Companions and jurists have been proven to regularly perform Friday prayer and never leave it except for an excuse.

The virtue of Friday that makes it so special

1-It is the blessed day

Abu Huraira reported God’s Messenger as saying, “The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it, Adam was created, on it, he was brought into paradise, on it he was expelled from it, and the last hour will take place on no day other than Friday.”

2-A Surah is named after Friday

Allah only mentions two days of the week in the Noble Qur’an, namely Saturday and Friday. However, He also named an entire Surah after it.

3-It is the day of Eid for Muslims.

That’s why we are not allowed to fast on Friday except during Ramadan month. Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, ‘Indeed this (the day of Friday) is a day of Eid (festival), which Allah has made for the Muslims. So whoever comes to the Friday (prayer), and if he has perfume then let him put some on. And upon you (I urge you to use) is the siwak.

4Protection from the trials in the grave

No Muslim dies on Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah protects him from the trial of the grave.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Friday is a special day; the congregational prayer performed on this day holds special significance in the life of a Muslim. Enjoy the day as Eid, an educational day as in the ceremony and the answering of all your prayers.

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