The 5 ULUL AZMI Prophets: endowed with great determination and perseverance

Allah – Almighty preferred some of the prophets over others- as he says in the Holy Qur’an:

We have chosen some of those messengers above others.1 Allah spoke directly to some, and raised some high in rank. To Jesus, son of Mary, We gave clear proofs and supported him with the holy spirit.2 If Allah had willed, succeeding generations would not have fought ˹among themselves˺ after receiving the clear proofs. But they differed—some believed while others disbelieved. Yet if Allah had willed, they would not have fought one another. But Allah does what He wills.

Al-Baqarah: 253

What is the meaning of the ULUL AZMI?

All the prophets and messengers peace be upon them are courageous, brave, and persistent. They endured all the hardships on the path of truth and spreading the messages. They showed great fortitude in calling to Allah The Almighty. As mentioned in the Holy Quran, many of them were martyred because they preferred death over giving up. Among all the messengers and prophets are the five of the ULUL’ AZMI whose struggle and patience were more than anyone else.

Who are the 5 prophets of ULUL AZMI

1.   Our Beloved Prophet, Muhammad peace be upon him 

2.    prophet Ibrahim peace be upon him 

3.   prophet Musa peace be upon him

 4.   prophet Jesus peace be upon him

5.   prophet Noah peace be upon him

Allah, the Almighty says:

So endure patiently, as did the Messengers of Firm Resolve.1 And do not ˹seek to˺ hasten ˹the torment˺ for the deniers. On the Day they see what they have been threatened with, it will be as if they had only stayed ˹in this world˺ for an hour of a day.2 ˹This is˺ a ˹sufficient˺ warning! Then, will anyone be destroyed except the rebellious people?

Al-Ahqaf : 35

Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and donate from what He has entrusted you with. So those of you who believe and donate will have a mighty reward.

Surah Al-Hadid: 7

The number of the ULUL AZMI Prophets “the prophets with strong will”

Islamic Scholars have varied opinions regarding the number of the ULUL AZMI Prophets “the prophets with strong will”, as follows:

The first opinion:

The number of the prophet of strong will and determination is eighteen, and they were mentioned in Surat Al-An’am, Allah Almighty says: Those were the (prophets) who received Allah’s guidance: Copy the guidance they received; Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you: This is no less than a message for the nations.”

The second opinion:

All of Allah’s prophets are named the ULUL AZMI Prophets “the prophets with strong will” except Yunus- Peace be upon him because of his haste, as Allah says addressing the prophet Muhammad- peace be upon him

So be patient with your Lord’s decree, and do not be like ˹Jonah,˺ the Man of the Whale, who cried out ˹to Allah˺, in total distress.

Al-Qalam: 48

The third opinion:

All of Allah’s prophets and messengers are having determination and strong will. Allah did not send any prophet but he was persistent and rational.

The fourth opinion:

It is the well-known and the most accurate opinion that Abdullah bin Abbas that the number of the ULUL AZMI is five; Our Prophet Muhammad, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them).

As Allah – Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an:

And ˹remember˺ when We took a covenant from the prophets, as well as from you ˹O Prophet˺, and from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary. We did take a solemn covenant from ˹all of˺ them

Al-Ahzab: 7

Those prophets are distinguished by their patience to confront all the hardship, the preachers and tyrants of human beings, and their abuse.

Indeed, messengers before you were rejected but patiently endured rejection and persecution until Our help came to them. And Allah’s promise ˹to help˺ is never broken. And you have already received some of the narratives of these messengers.

Al-An’am: 34

First: Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

His name: Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn `Abd Manaf ibn Qusay ibn Kilab ibn Murrah ibn Ka`b ibn Lo’ay ibn Ghaleb ibn Fihr ibn Malik ibn An-Nadr ibn Kenanah ibn Khozaymah ibn Madrakah ibn Ilias ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma`d ibn Adnan. His origin returns to Abraham the father of the Prophets.

His birth (peace be upon him): On Monday in the month of Rabi Al-Awwal, 53 Before Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Medina) in the year of the Elephant corresponding to 571 A.D. His father died before his birth.

The beginning of his mission (peace be upon him): When the Prophet was forty years old, he saw the Archangel of Allah at the cave of mount Hira’ on Monday 17 of Ramadan, year 13 Before Hijrah, 610 A.D.

Prophet Muhammad is called the “seal of the prophets” because he is the last prophet. he has been a wise and strong leader. He was the most generous, sincere, gentle, benevolent man.

Allah, the Almighty says:

And you are truly ˹a man˺ of outstanding character.

Al Qalam: 4

The prophet Muhammad peace be upon him always the bravest against the disbelievers. He never gets angry for the sake of himself, but the sake of Allah.

Second: Prophet Noah (peace be upon him)

His name:  He is Noah, the son of Lamech the son of Methuselah the son of Enoch –who was Idris- son of Yard son of Mahlayeel son of Kinan son of Anosh son of Sheath son of Adam, the father of humankind. His people were called the sons of Raseb.

Noah – peace be upon him – is the first messenger sent by Allah. – Almighty – after Prophet Adam – peace be upon him – and the scholars said that he was named by Noah because of his frequent weeping, and he was nicknamed the second father of mankind, as his message was distinguished by its comprehensiveness to all who were in his time. Therefore, Allah Almighty mentioned his story in several places in the Holy Qur’an, and he made an entire surah to talk about that. Due to the many lessons in this surah, especially since he has continued to call his people for nearly a thousand years without hesitation, night or day, secretly or openly.

Noah prayed, “My Lord! My people have truly rejected me. So judge between me and them decisively, and save me and the believers with me.”

Ash-Shu’ara: 117-118

Third: Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him)

His name: Abraham son of Nahor son of Sarog son of Raao son of Aber son of Shaleh son of Salem son of Noah (peace be upon him). He was born in Babel.

His life is rich with determination and steadfastness. He called his people to worship Allah. Allah mentions in Surat Al Anbiya’ (The Prophets), Al Shu`ara’, and As-Saffat, how Abraham debated with his people over idolatry and broke the idols. His father was creating the idols they worshipped and gave them to Abraham to sell.

Abraham entered the house of gods where people left food for them and said:” Will you do not eat (of the offerings before you)?…” when no one answered, he said: “What is the matter with you that you speak not (intelligently)? Then did he turn upon them, striking (them) with the right hand.” [Surat As-Saffat: 91 – 93]. Then he hung the axe on the neck of the biggest idol, then they said: “They said, “Who has done this to our gods? He must indeed be some man of impiety!” [Surat Al Anbiya’: 59].

A group of them said: “We heard a youth talk of them: He is called Abraham” [Surat Al Anbiya: 60]. They brought him and said: “They said, “Are you the one that did this with our gods, O Abraham? He said: “Nay, this was done by – this is their biggest one! Ask them, if they can speak intelligently!” [Surat Al Anbiya’: 62 – 63].

Fourth: Prophet Moses (peace be upon him)

His name: He was the son of `Imran and his grandfather was Jacob (peace be upon him. (He was born during the era of the Pharaoh, the famous tyrant.

He was a cruel king and had a rule that any baby born of male sex should be killed. But Allah Almighty protected Moses to keep his commandments in the world. Moses was given a miracle by Allah Almighty to divide the red sea. This was intended to protect his followers from the hunt of King Pharaoh who claimed to be God.

Fifth: Prophet Jesus, son of Mary (peace be upon him)

His name: He was Jesus, son of Mary, Daughter of `Imran. `Imran is one of the grandsons of David (peace be upon him).

He was the last prophet sent to the Israelites. The prophet Jesus’ peace be upon him is famous for his story of raising a bird made of clay. Not only that, but Prophet Jesus can also cure a very severe disease. Sure, this ability is by the permission of Allah Almighty.

Allah know best.

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